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6 Different and Beautiful Architecture of Temples in India

By April 4, 2022November 20th, 2023No Comments
Temple Architecture

Temple Architecture:

Since ancient India, temple engineering has exceeded all expectations. The particular style of the temple in various parts had an effect. A combination of climatic, ethnic and historical diversities. Above all, this also depends on various styles used in the development of the temples.

Old Indian temples are of six types.  

Kandariya Mahadeva Temple

1. Nagara

The Nagara style has many differences but has two specific styles. The first is the presence of a few designs or rathakas at the centre. Hence a cross-shape is seen at every angle. The second is the tower or Shikhara plan. This plan follows the one centre squares and circles. It continuously closes in a raised bend that extends upwards. Eg. The Kandariya Mahadeva Temple in Madhya Pradesh.

2. Dravidian

Dravidian temples in South India have temples made of soapstone, sandstone or rock. The four-sided temple has at least one pyramidal peak. Moreover, it houses the picture or seal of God. Mandapas cover the compartment doors. In addition, elaborate door towers or Gopurams enclose the temples. Eg. The Thanjavur temple of Tamil Nadu.

3. Badami-Chalukyas

Indian design saw a distinguished phase during the Badami Chalukyas rule. As they laid the groundwork for cavern temple engineering on the banks of the Malaprabha River. This design comprises enriching pillars, finely etched roof boards and figures. There are more than 150 temples in the historic temple complex. Hence, it is called ‘Support of Indian Design’ in Aihole. E.g. the Virupaksha temple and Mallikarjuna temple.

4. Gadag

The Gadag style or Western Chalukya architecture is a specific style. It originated from the old Dravida style of architecture. It expalins the Karnata Dravida tradition. An important feature of this style is articulation. E.g Saraswati temple of Trikuteshwara and the Kasivisvesvara Temple.

Kasivisvesvara Temple.

5. Kalinga

This style has three kinds of temples thriving in Odisha and Northern Andhra Pradesh. These three styles are Pidha, Rekha and Khakhara Deula. The first two are connected with Shiva, Surya and Vishnu and the third with the Goddesses Durga. The word Deula means temple. Eg. The Jagannath Temple and Lingaraj Temple of Orissa.

6. Maru-Gurjara

The temple architecture is notable in two ways. It is called Maru-Gurjara and Maha-Maru in Rajasthan. The first design is an elite Western Indian compositional style. It varies from the temple engineering of North India. Due to its  rich design, it is associated with the Hoysala temple. E.g. Nagda temple in Rajasthan.

In Conclusion, Temples in India have architecture that woo thousands. It is long standing and as well as have designs that go beyond time. It attracts visitors all over the world. Above all, it is important of us as Indians to pay visit and appreciate the beautiful architecture. 

Also Read: What Are Various Important Threads In Hinduism?

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Ananya Singh

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