What is the Indian Calendar?

The Indian calendar is a calendar that notes all the festivals and events celebrated in India. It is a uniform calendar that includes festivals from all religions. India is a diverse country with almost people of all religions. Thus, the Indian calendar meets the needs of all Indians by providing them with information about upcoming festivals and events. It includes all the festivals of Hindus, Jains, Buddhism, Sikhs, Christianity and Islam. Our Indian calendar 2024 has been made by expert astrologers who mentioned all the calendar 2024 India with holidays and festivals, including fasts.

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Types of Indian Calendar 2024

We know that the Indian calendar is filled with festivals and events from all religions. It provides us with all the information about the upcoming festivals and events in 2024. Let us now have a look at the calendars of different religions. These are as follows:

Hindu Calendar 2024

The Hindu festival calendar 2024, also known as Panchang, is a calendar that follows the Lunisolar Calendar. It is primarily focused on the position of Lunar and Solar Calendar factors to determine the dates of festivals and auspicious movements.

Islamic Calendar 2024

The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri calendar, is a calendar that is used by Muslims all around the world. It consists of 354 or 355 days. There are 12 months in the Islamic calendar, each of which consists of either 29 or 30 days.

Jain Calendar 2024

The Jain Calendar, also known as the Vira Nirvana Samvat, is a lunar calendar and includes an extra month every three years. It tends to follow the Lunar system in order to determine the dates of all Jain festivals and events.

Sikh Calendar 2024

The Sikh Calendar, also known as the Nanakshahi calendar, is a solar calendar. It was introduced by Guru Nanak in 1999. It follows the position of the Sun to determine the dates of important festivals.

Christian Calendar 2024

The Christian Calendar is based on the Gregorian calendar. It is known to be the most used calendar in the world. This calendar includes all the festivals and events of the Christian celebrations.

Buddhist Calendar 2024

The Buddhist 2024 festival Calendar follows the Buddhist era. It follows the regional lunar calendar. In the Buddhist calendar, the position of the Moon tends to determine the date of important festivals and events.

The Origin of The Indian Calendar

The 2024 calendar with Indian holidays is widely followed nationwide. The Indian National Calendar, or Vikram Samvat Calendar, was adopted on 22 March 1957 after years of careful analysis and consideration. It was in 1952 when India decided to reform its Calendar, and the then Government turned to CSIR or Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.

Under the guidance and chairmanship of Prof. Meghnad Saha, CSIR appointed a Calendar Reform Committee, which included several astrophysicists and mathematicians. Subsequently, after several years of research and development, the Indian National Calendar was adopted. The InstaAstro Festivals Calendar 2024 will help you determine the correct days and timings for particular occasions and traditional events.

What are the Types of Calendars?

There are about three forms or types of calendars. Different cultures follow different types of Calendars, and each system has its unique attributes and qualities. The types of Calendars are divided into three categories: Solar, Lunar, and Lunisolar.

Countries or places which follow the Solar Calendar refer to the movement of the Sun. The Lunar Calendar refers to the cycles and phases of the Moon. And lastly, the Lunisolar Calendar pays attention to not just the Moon but also the Sun. The Indian National Calendar is based on the Lunisolar system, where each month is divided into 2 Pakshas of the Moon, and each year contains six seasons according to the movement of the Sun.

Read more to find out the difference between a Solar, Lunar, and Lunisolar Calendar. Each system of timekeeping and dating is different from the others and refers to particular details, such as the Moon's phases or the Sun's movements.

Solar Calendar

The Solar Calendar is based on the movement and motion of the Sun every year. Each month under the Solar Calendar is 30 days long, but the beginning of the month is not the same as mentioned in the Gregorian Calendar. The dates of the Indian Solar Calendar and Gregorian Calendar differ, and you can read the table below to understand this difference:

Indian Calendar (Solar Month)Approx. Gregorian Calendar Date
ChaitraMar. 14
VaisakhaApr. 13
JyesthaMay 14
AsadhaJune 14
SravanaJuly 16
BhadrapadaAug. 16
AsvinaSept. 16
KartikaOct. 17
MargashirshaNov. 16
PausaDec. 15
MaghaJan. 14
PhalgunFeb. 12

Lunar Calendar

A Lunar Calendar is based on the monthly phases of the Moon and is related only to the cycles of the Moon. The Muslim Calendar, or the Islamic Hijri Calendar, is an example of a Lunar Calendar. It contains 12 months, two months standing for the time between two New Moons, and each month is approximately 28 to 29.5 days long.

Lunisolar Calendar

A Lunisolar Calendar is built on the phases of the Moon and determines several festivals across India. For example, festivals like Eid, Shivratri, and Karwa Chauth are celebrated according to the movement of the Moon. The Saka Calendar, or the Indian National Calendar, comprises the Lunar Calendar and the Solar Calendar together. The Calendar 2024 with festivals is a Lunisolar type of Calendar.

Significance of The Indian Calendar

The significance of the Indian Calendar rests in its essence. The main purpose of a Calendar 2024 is to help people stay updated with the dates and timings of occasions, know which day is meant for what, and the traditions surrounding them. While a Gregorian Calendar is good for knowing the dates and festivals according to the Western dating system, the Indian Festival Calendar 2024 can help you know about the upcoming Indian festivals alongside other regional occasions.

In addition, you can keep yourself updated with astrological changes such as the movement of planets and stars. Moreover, one can also refer to the 2024 calendar with festivals, the Indian Calendar, to determine auspicious days for celebrations and occasions.

For example, suppose you're waiting for a promising day to come along so that you can celebrate your child's Mundan, buy a house or vehicle, start a new venture, get married to the love of your life, go on a trip, or even perform a Griha Pravesh Puja. In that case, the Calendar can help you choose an auspicious day for these celebrations.

Frequently Asked Questions

While the names of the months according to a normal calendar are January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December, the Hindu months are Chaitra, Vaisakha, Jyaistha, Asadha, Shravana, Bhadra, Ashwin, Kartika, Mārgasirsa or Agrahayana, Pausha, Magha, and Phalguna.
Hindus follow the Indian Calendar, also known as the hindu calendar 2024, of the Vimrat Samvat method. In addition, a Hindu Calendar is also known as a Panchang, where all the auspicious dates or Muhurats, timings and dates for festivals, and special occasions are mentioned.
The Indian Calendar is called the Vikram Samvat Calendar and is followed widely in Nepal and India. This calendar form follows a Lunisolar system that focuses on the synodic Lunar months and the 365 Solar days.
The Muslims follow the Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri calendar. It includes all the important dates for Muslim people, including fasts, Roza, Eid, Jumma and others.
The adoption date of the present-day Indian Calendar was 22 March 1957. This was the day when the Vikram Samvat or Saka calendar was adopted as India's calendar. This calendar is named after King Vikramaditya and was adopted from the Saka period.
The Hindu Calendar is based on the movement of the Sun and Moon together. The Indian or Hindu Calendar calculates tithis on the basis of the movement of the Moon and the Sun. So, this form of the calendar is a blend of both Solar and Lunar. It is also known as the Lunisolar calendar.

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