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According to the Hindu calendar, Ekadashi is the 11th day after the full moon and the 11th day after the new moon. Considered one of the most vital fasts in the Hindu Lunar calendar, Ekadashi falls twice every month and is known as Shukla Paksha or Gaura Paksha, which means the period of brightening moon, and Krishna Paksha, which means dark lunar fortnight. In a year, there are a total of 24 Ekadashis, and each Ekadashi has specific benefits and influences. On each Ekadashi, different rituals and customary activities are performed.
When analysing the Hindu Lunar calendar, it is observed that human physiology undergoes a cycle called a mandala every 40-48 days. This cycle has three specific days when the body does not demand food. While these particular days can differ from individual to individual, you can attain excellent efficiency and peace if you can point out those days in your life.
Suppose you wonder when to start and end your Ekadashi Vrat or the fast's timings. In that case, the answer is that the fasting of Ekadashi is observed starting from the sunset on the day before Ekadashi until the sunrise of the next day after Ekadashi, meaning thereby that the fast lasts for 48 hours.
As per Hindu scriptures, Lord Rama said that if an individual observes regular fasting on Ekadashi, one can nullify their past sins.
Considering the Hindu Panchang calendar, all days of Ekadashi hold a crucial role. However, particularly in Vaishnava tradition, Vaikunta Ekadashi is the most significant Ekadashi. Vaikunta Ekadashi, also known as Mukkoti Ekadashi or Swarga Vathil Ekadashi, is a day when festivals, prayers, and yagnas are arranged at Vishnu temples across Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh.
People believe that during Ekadashi, a person can reach their highest potential and achieve their goals through increased productivity. Moreover, on the auspicious day of Ekadashi, fasting can help an individual get mental peace, gain spiritual insights, and help the body get healthier.
The day of Ekadashi is when the body departs from its day-to-day dietary irregularities, and it is considered that on this day, a person is cleansed of all sins.
People observing fasts and offering puja are supposed to chant these mantras throughout the day to attain maximum benefits. These mantras are believed to instil peace and serenity in the soul of the chanter.