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The meaning of Purnima, often written as Poornima, is "night or day of Full Moon." It is the moment when the moon is completely lit up. The lunar fortnight's 15th tithi, also known as Shukla paksha or the waxing phase, marks the beginning of Purnima. The moon's 15-day Krishna paksha (waning) phase begins after the Purnima tithi. According to Hinduism, fasting on the full moon or Purnima can have several health benefits for the body and the mind. Purnima vrat has several advantages, including regulating the body's metabolism, managing its acid level, improving its endurance, and purifying the digestive system. There are typically 12 Purnima days yearly, and each one is significant. Many Hindus regard Purnima as a holy day reserved for devotion and fasting. The next Purnima, or full moon in July 2022, falls on Wednesday, July 13. Pujas performed on Purnima Day are supposed to bestow immense benefits on the participants. As a result, on this day, unique pujas like the Satyanarayan puja are performed. In Purnima's days, numerous spiritual teachers such as Subrahmanya, Dattatreya, Buddha, Guru Nanak, and others were born. The full moon, or Purnima, has inspired numerous folktales, poems, and astronomical importance across the world. The full moon day, or Purnima, is revered in Hinduism and is commonly seen as a sign of wealth, richness, and fullness. According to the Hindu lunar calendar, Purnima, also known as Poornima, is a full moon day that happens at least once per month. The full moon day, which is seen as a benevolent and fortunate occurrence, coincides with a number of Hindu festivities in the panchang calendar.
The Purnimanta calendar also signifies the conclusion of the Hindu month. Depending on the location and the moon's phases, it is also known as Pournami, Pournima, and Puranmasi.
Purnima vrat, Uma Maheshwar vrat, Satyanarayan Puja, Guru Purnima, Vat Purnima, Kartik Purnima, Holi Festival, Hanuman Jayanthi, Dattatreya Jayanti, Raksha Bandhan, Buddha Purnima, and other celebrations are linked to full moons in additional Hindu lunar months. Many religions, notably Hinduism, have special significance for Purnima. The moon cycle is heavily emphasised in the Hindu lunar calendar, and Purnima is seen as being particularly lucky for devotion and keeping religious commitments.
In the Hindu calendar, Purnima is a significant day. As a result, during the course of a year, Purnima falls on each of the twelve holidays and auspicious events. The moon is in its full splendour on a full moon day and represents the eradication of darkness. Today is a day for doing special pujas, such as the Satyanarayan puja. Numerous Gods were born on this day, according to Hindu mythology.
On the Purnima Tithi of the Ashadha month, Ved Vyasa—one of the unique people to ever walk the earth—was born. He is famed for composing the poetry the Mahabharata, in which he played a crucial role. He was the child of Devi Satyawati and Sage Parashar. Interestingly, when the Sage spoke it, Lord Ganesha is said to have written it down.
According to legend, Ved Vyasa divided the Vedas into four groups: the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, and Atharva Veda. His followers, Paila, Vaisampayana, Jaimini, and Sumantu, continued his tradition. He is therefore highly regarded by followers and acclaimed as a knowledge powerhouse.
The Yogic cult claims that Lord Shiva was the first Guru or Yogi to provide wisdom to the Saptarishis (the seven sages). He is claimed to have taken the shape of a yogi to impart his knowledge to the sages and bestow yogic knowledge onto them. Hence, he is revered as Adiyogi because he is the first Guru.
It's interesting to note that Jainists also celebrate Guru Purnima as a momentous day. And the reason for this is that after achieving Kaivalya, Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankara, appointed Ganadhara Indrabhuti Gautam (Gautam Swami) his first student.
Because Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, gave his first speech at Sarnath after achieving enlightenment, the Guru Purnima Tithi has special meaning for Buddhists. As a result, Buddhists commemorate Guru Purnima to honour Gautam Buddha.