Importance of Chhath Puja

If you’re wondering what is Chhat Puja? Then here is your answer: Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival celebrated primarily in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and parts of Nepal. It is observed for four days and is dedicated to the Hindu Sun God, Surya, and his consort, Usha. The festival is held twice a year, once in the month of Chaitra (April/May) and once in the month of Kartik (October/November). Chhath Puja meaning lies in its name itself. It refers to the worship of Chhathi Maiyya who is considered to be the Goddess who blesses children and their parents and also is considered to be the protector of them.

The main focus of the festival is the offering of prayers and respect to the Sun God for his blessings of health, wealth, and prosperity. Devotees fast for the entire day and observe a strict vegetarian diet for the duration of the festival. They also offer Arghya to the setting sun, which is a mixture of milk, rice pudding, and other sweets. This is followed by a night of singing and dancing, and a final offering to the rising sun the next morning.

Another important aspect of the Chhath festival is the Kanyadaan, in which married women offer prayers for the well-being of their families and for the good health of their husbands. Women also observe a fast for 36 hours and perform the Arghya offering in the river, symbolising the purification of their souls.The Chhath Puja is an important festival for people of the Bihari and Nepalese communities and is celebrated with great fervour and devotion. The festival is also famous for its traditional songs, known as 'Chhath Geet,' which are sung in honour of the Sun God.

In recent years, Chhath Puja has gained popularity among the diaspora community, with many organising celebrations and festivals in countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. This has helped to preserve and spread the cultural traditions associated with the festival and has allowed for the continuation of the celebration for future generations.

The Chhath Puja Story

Let us now have a look at the festival of Chhath Puja history. The festival is widely celebrated in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand and also Eastern Uttar Pradesh. The festival is dedicated to the worship of Chhathi Mta or Chhathi Maiyaa. According to legends, it is said that King Priyavrat did not have any children. This is the reason he was always sad and upset. Once Maharishi Kashyap visited him and the king told him about his problems. Upon hearing the king’s concerns, Maharishi Kashyap asked him to perform a yagna. The king with full faith performed the yagna in order to be blessed with a son. After this, the king’s wife was pregnant and then she gave birth to a boy. However, the sad part is that the baby was born dead. This is something that upset the entire family. After this, a chariot carrying Mata Shashthi was seen in the sky. The king prayed to her. She introduced herself as the Goddess that blesses children and their parents with good health and happiness. Thus, when the king prayed to her she was very happy and blessed the dead child. After this the child came to life.

It is believed that after this story people started doing this yagna and pooja in order to be blessed with children and also to protect them and their children from all the evils of the world. Thus, after this the festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated.

The Importance of Chhath puja lies in this story. Children are something that all parents want and desire; thus, Chhath puja is celebrated by people in order to bless them with children and to protect them and their children from all the problems and evils of the world. Moreover, people also tend to celebrate Chhath pooja in accordance with the Chhath Puja Vrat vidhi to seek blessings of Chhathi Maiyya to ensure happiness and prosperity in their family.


In conclusion, Chhath Mahaparv is a festival that is deeply rooted in Hindu culture and is celebrated with great devotion by millions of people around the world. It is a celebration of the power and importance of the Sun God and is a symbol of hope and renewal for the coming year.


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Frequently Asked Questions

Chatt puja is a festival celebrated mainly in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand in India and also parts of Nepal. It is a festival dedicated to the worship of the Sun God, Suryadev and his consort Usha. Ideally it is believed to be a four day festival in which married women keep fast in order to gain prosperity and benefits for their family and also for the long lives of their family members.
Chhath pooja is a four day long festival in which women fast for the long lives of their family members and also to seek the blessings of the Sun God for the well-being, prosperity, wealth and happiness of their family. This festival is mostly celebrated in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand in India. Another reason for which people celebrate Chhath pooja is to thank gods for their blessings.
As we know Chhath Pooja is a four day festival. These days are known as follows: Nahay Khay (first day), Kharna (Second Day), Sandhya Arghya (Third Day), Usha Arghya (Fourth Day)
Chhath pooja is a widely famous festival. The entire India celebrates it, however, there are some particular states that celebrate this festival, these are as follows: Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Alongside these also parts of Nepal celebrate the festival of Chatt Puja.
In 2023 the festival of Chhat pooja will be observed from Sunday, November 19, 2023 - Wednesday, November 22, 2023.
The auspicious Muhurat for the festival of Chhath Puja is as follows: 19 November (Sandhya Arghya) Sunset time :17:26:04, 20 November (Usha Arghya) Sunrise time :06:47:15
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