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Govardhan Puja, also known as Annkoot Pooja, is a Hindu festival observed in India's northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Rajasthan. This festival usually takes place on the 4th day of the five-day Diwali festival, which generally falls between October and November, depending on the Hindu lunar calendar. Moreover, the word Govardhan came from the Sanskrit word "Gau", which means "cow”, and "Vardhan" means "to expand" or "to sustain." So, according to hindu mythology, the term "Govardhan" is connected to Lord Krishna's lifting of the Govardhan Hill.
Moreover, the festival of Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the first day of Shukla Paksha in the Kartik month every year. Also, the celebration of Govardhan Puja takes place by making a Govardhan using cow dung. On the day of Govardhan Puja, the Govardhan hill made of cow dung is decorated with flower leaves and a small idol of Lord Krishna lifting a Govardhan hill is prepared. So, many people may be eagerly waiting for the Govardhan Puja date of 2023, which will be held on 14th November. Moreover, the Govardhan puja timing begins at 2:56 PM on 13th November, and the Puja tithi ends at 2:36 PM on 14th November.
The story behind the celebration of Govardhan Puja has a deep significance in hindu mythology. So, once, in a village named Vrindavan, Lord Krishna saw that the people of the village were preparing several food items as an offering for Lord Indra, who is considered a lord of rain. In that scenario, Krishna suggested the people of the village to worship Govardhan Hill, which provides them with fruitful soil and raises their cattle.
So, hearing that, the villagers agreed to follow Krishna's instructions and started to offer food to Govardhan Hill. Looking at the people offering food to Govardhan Hill, Lord Indra got jealous and angry. So, in anger, he sent heavy rain and flood that troubled the villagers of Vrindavan. However, looking at the helpless people, Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan hill on his little finger for seven days to protect the villagers and get shelter. Furthermore, later, Indra Dev realised his mistake, and he stopped the rain and asked for forgiveness from Lord Krishna.
The villagers saw the concern of Lord Krishna for villagers and learned that Lord Krishna is the actual protector, not Lord Indra. So, later on, people made a small hill, also known as annakut, by using food and started to worship Lord Krishna. However, since then, people have begun celebrating Govardhan Puja to glorify and offer thankfulness to Lord Krishna.
The celebration of Govardhan Puja significance revolves around the story of Lord Krishna lifting the Govardhan hill on his little finger. He saved his devotees from being harmed due to the rain and stood still, lifting the hill for seven days. Since then, devotees realised the powers of Lord Krishna and started celebrating Govardhan Puja to thank Shree Krishna. Moreover, after the devotees came to know that Lord Krishna had the power to save all his devotees, Lord Krishna started being called Giridhari or Giriraj, meaning the king of Hills.
Moreover, the main reason behind the celebration of Govardhan Pooja is the divine act of Lord Krishna. However, apart from this, the celebration of Govardhan Puja also marks the bond between human beings and nature. Moreover, there are some famous places where the Diwali Govardhan Puja is celebrated with great warmth. Places like Gokul, Vrindavan, Mathura, Barsan and Nandgaon are the places where people celebrate the Govardhan Puja with great devotion and loyalty. On the day of Govardhan Puja, many people also observe Puja at home and chant bhajans and kirtans, celebrating Govardhan Puja with great joy and happiness.
The celebration of Govardhan Puja is incomplete without the rituals, remedies and puja ceremony. So here are some of the rituals and remedies that can be performed on the day of Govardhan Puja.
Mark the dates for Govardhan Puja 2023 so that you do not miss out on the puja tithi timing and perform puja within the given puja muhurat. Also, we have mentioned the rituals to be followed on the day of Govardhan Puja. You can get help and perform the rituals accordingly.