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The character of Sita is a prominent figure in Hindu mythology, known as the wife of Lord Rama, the avatar of Lord Visnu. Her story is told in the ancient Indian epic, the Ramayana, which describes her as a virtuous and noble woman who faced many challenges with grace and fortitude. She is considered an embodiment of the ideal woman and symbolises female strength and resilience.
Sita was born to King Janaka and his wife, Queen Sunayana, in the kingdom of Mithila. When she was a baby, she was found in a furrow in a ploughed field, and Janaka adopted her as his daughter. She is also known by different names such as Janaki and Vaidehi. Sita grew up as a beautiful and virtuous young woman, and many suitors sought her hand in marriage.
One day, a prince named Rama came to Mithila and saw Sita for the first time. They fell in love at first sight, and Rama decided to compete in a Swayamvara (a competition for a bride's hand) to win Sita's hand in marriage. Rama succeeded in winning the competition, and he and Sita were married in a grand ceremony.
However, their happiness was short-lived. Rama's stepmother, Kaikeyi, convinced Rama's father to banish Rama to the forest for fourteen years and crown her son king. Sita and Rama's brother, Lakshmana, accompanied Rama into exile.
While in the forest, Sita was abducted by the demon king Ravana and taken to his kingdom of Lanka. With the help of Hanuman who was under the service of King Sughriv, Rama, and Lakshmana set out to rescue her. After a long and challenging battle, Rama defeated Ravana and rescued Sita.
When they returned to Ayodhya, Rama's kingdom, Sita was subjected to a trial by fire to prove her purity and loyalty. She emerged unscathed from the fire, but some of Rama's subjects still doubted her faithfulness. So, to prove her innocence, Sita chose to leave Rama and return to the earth from which she had emerged.
The devi Sita story is a tale of love, devotion, and sacrifice. For more such inspiring stories about the divine, look up the InstaAstro website! You can also download the InstaAstro app to get regular updates on interesting facts about these revered figures.
The goddess Sita birth place is believed to be in the city of Sitamarhi in the Indian state of Bihar. Sitamarhi is a small town located in the northern part of Bihar, near the border with Nepal. The different names of Sita mata include Janaki, which means 'daughter of Janaka'. Sitamarhi is said to be the location of King Janaka's palace and is believed to be where Sita was born.
Today, Sitamarhi is a popular pilgrimage destination for Hindus, and several temples and shrines are dedicated to Goddess Sita in the area. One of the most famous is the Janaki Temple, located in the centre of Sitamarhi town and considered one of the most important temples dedicated to Sita in India. It is a popular site of worship and pilgrimage for devotees of Goddess Sita.
In Hinduism, Goddess Sita is considered the divine consort of Lord Rama, and goddess sita characteristics include her beauty, purity, and devotion. There are 108 names of Goddess Sita, also known as 'Sita Ashtottara Shatanamavali'. Jaganmata, Bhagyavidhata, Samasta Loka, Pujita, Mahabhagya, Vararoha are just a few to mention.
In the Hindu epic Ramayana, Sita Swayamvar refers to the ceremony in which princess Sita chooses a husband from a group of suitors. The word 'Swayamvar' means 'self-choice' in Sanskrit, and the practice was a common tradition among Indian royalty in ancient times.
During the Sita Swayamvar, King Janaka, Sita was the daughter of which king, invited many princes from different kingdoms to compete for Sita's hand in marriage. He set a difficult condition for the suitors to fulfil to win Sita's hand. The condition was to lift and string a heavy bow that belonged to Lord Shiva. The bow was so massive that it required tremendous strength to lift it, let alone string it.
Many princes attempted to lift the bow and string it, but all failed. Then, Lord Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, arrived at the ceremony and lifted the bow with ease. He then strung the bow and broke it in half, winning Sita's hand in marriage. It is said that Sita was merely 18 or 19 when questioned at what age goddess Sita got married.
The Sita Swayamvar is considered one of the most significant events in the Ramayana and is an integral part of Hindu mythology. The story is often seen as a symbol of the triumph of good over evil and the importance of strength, courage, and righteousness in Hindu culture.
In Ramayana, Sita's Agni Pariksha (trial by fire) is a significant event that tests her purity and loyalty to her husband, Lord Rama. The Agni Pariksha takes place after Sita is rescued from the demon king Ravana, who kidnaps her and takes her to his kingdom in Lanka. This is one of the widely popular Hindu goddess sita facts.
When Rama rescues Sita, he is overjoyed to have her back, but some of his subjects question Sita's purity because she had spent time in Ravana's kingdom. To prove her innocence and loyalty, Sita chooses to undergo the Agni Pariksha, a trial by fire. In this test, she is asked to walk through a bed of burning coals. The fire will not harm her if she is genuinely pure and loyal.
Despite Rama's protests, Sita agrees to undergo the trial. She walks through the fire unscathed. It is also seen as a demonstration of her faith in her husband and her commitment to him, even in the face of extreme adversity.